Saturday, November 22, 2008

Casein Free Substitutions

As I have said in the past, I am not much of a creative person when it comes to developing my own recipes in the kitchen. I like to adapt existing recipes to our gluten free casein free lifestyle. This is pretty easy for gluten free part - we like Bob's Red Mill GF all-purpose flour and use it pretty much as a one to one substitute for flour in a recipe. And if you don't like the Bob's Red Mill mix, there are plenty of others - it seems like every GF blogger has developed their own favorite mix of flours to use in specific recipes. And perhaps I will compile a list of these soon.

But casein free is another story. At least here in Missoula where I live, you can't just go and buy CF buttermilk or evaporated milk off the shelf. And if you can, they are often soy-based - I know a lot of my readers do not use soy, and while we have not entirely excluded soy, we try to limit it in our diets.

Fortunately, you can easily make things like CF buttermilk or evaporated milk at home using any CF milk you choose. And what follows below is a listing of some of these substitutions. By no means am I saying this list is complete, and I intend this to be a living post, where I will update it as I discover new substitutions that are useful.

I have also added a link to this post on my menu bar, so it is easy to find.

I have posted these before - and I must credit Jane Zukin, author of The Dairy Free Cookbook, who lists the majority of these substitutions in her book.

If the Recipe Calls For

1 cup milk

Substitute With

1 cup CF milk OR
1/2 cup CF milk + 1/2 cup water OR
1/2 cup juice + 1/2 cup water OR
1 cup water

If the Recipe Calls For

1 cup milk (for baking)

Substitute With

1 cup water + 2 tbsp CF margarine

If the Recipe Calls For

1 cup milk (for yeast dough)

Substitute With

1 cup ginger ale

If the Recipe Calls For

1 cup buttermilk

Substitute With

1 cup CF milk + 1 tbsp vinegar or lemon juice
NOTE: let stand for at least 5 minutes before using.

If the Recipe Calls For

1 cup sour milk

Substitute With

same as buttermilk

If the Recipe Calls For

light cream

Substitute With

CF milk

If the Recipe Calls For

whipping cream

Substitute With

CF whipping cream (most likely soy-based) OR
meringue OR
see recipe below

If the Recipe Calls For

sour cream

Substitute With

CF sour cream (Tofutti) OR
CF Yogurt OR
mayonnaise + 1 tbsp sugar

If the Recipe Calls For

cream cheese

Substitute With

CF cream cheese (Tofutti) OR

CF Whipping Cream

This recipe was listed at

1/2 cup CF milk
1/4 tsp vanilla
1/2 cup oil
1 tbsp honey
pinch of salt

In a blender, combine CF milk and vanilla. Keep blender running and drizzle in the oil until the mixture becomes very think. Blend in the honey and salt.

GFCF Condensed Milk

3 cups CF Milk
1/2 cup sugar
GF vanilla
pinch of salt

Place milk and sugar in a saucepan. Cook over medium-low heat, stirring constantly, until the volume is reduced to 1 cup. Add salt and GF vanilla to taste. Store in a glass jar in the refrigerator.

CF Evaporated Milk

CF evaporated milk is made by putting CF milk in a saucepan and cooking over medium-low heat, stirring constantly, until the volume is reduced by half. Cool before using.

Do you have a favorite CF dairy substitute? Please leave a comment and let me know, and I will add it to the list.


Jennifer said...

Wow, Thank you for this list of CF dairy substitutes. I have 2 boys who are GF/CF one for over a year and the other for 9 months. Your list will help me with planning for Thanksgiving!

autismfamily said...

This is good info. I added one of your recipes to my latest article on BellaOnline and will add this as well, very useful.

Did you vote in my blog poll for date to do the autism twitter day?

CassidyS said...

I really like your whipping cream substitute-I'll have to try it. I have a ricotta cheese substitute but it has soy in it as it's made from tofu.

Anonymous said...

Wow this is a wonderful list of resources. All I have been doing is "avoiding" dairy for nearly a year. Ready to try out some of these substitutes. Thanks for the info.

Tawny White said...

another replacement for us lazy cooks or if your short on time would be coffee mate liquid or powder creamer i just checked the site and they are gfcf...stay away from the bliss those are made with real milk so they are not cf. happy cooking